AERONAUTICAL EXPERIENCE CHECK LIST [nav]

This checklist is not to be used in lieu of Part 61 and Part 141. This checklist has been prepared as merely a quick reference on the required aeronautical experience requirements of Part 61 and Part 141. This checklist may be updated from time to time, and will be so noted on the “Date” area above and the content of those changes are described on the last page of this document.

(1) If there is a difference between the aeronautical experience times contained in this checklist vs. the times contained in Parts 61 or 141, the Federal Regulations will always have precedence. Please note "60 days" in 61.39 now two calendar months. This is also true for discontined tests.

(2) For brevity purposes, this checklist does not contain the full text of the regulatory requirements.

(3) This checklist has been organized in an outline format as follows:

Roman numerals [i.e., I, II, III, etc.]
Capital letters [i.e., A, B, C, etc.]
Numbers [i.e., 1, 2, 3, etc.]
Small letters [i.e., a, b, c, etc.]

Part 61: Pilot & Flight Instructor Certification Requirements

Touch NAV: PVT  Comm  IFR  ATP  Part 141

A light sport aircraft is defined as:


Recreational Pilot Certification

I. For Single Engine Airplane, Helicopter, or Gyroplane Ratings:
Total Time: 30 hours which consists of at least-
A. Dual: 15 hours of flight training with an instructor on the Recreational Pilot areas of operation, that includes:
1. 2 hours of en route flight training to another airport in the class of aircraft; and
2. 3 hours of flight training in the class of aircraft within the preceding 60 days prior to the practical test
B. Solo: 3 hours of solo flying in the class of aircraft on the Recreational Pilot areas of operation.

NOTE: An additional Airplane category rating for the Single Engine class rating at the Recreational Pilot Certification Level:
A. Dual: 15 hours of flight training in a single engine airplane with an instructor on the Recreational Pilot areas of operation, that includes:
1. 2 hours of en route flight training to another airport in the single engine airplane; and
2. 3 hours of flight training in the single engine airplane within the preceding 60 days prior to the practical test.
B. Solo: 3 hours of solo flying in the single engine airplane on the Recreational Pilot areas of operation.

Private Pilot Certification

NOTE 1: Where § 61.109 requires “. . .  hours of flight training by reference to instruments in a single engine airplane” [i.e., II.A.3.] or “. . . in a multiengine airplane” [i.e., III. A.3.] or “. . . in a poweredlift” [i.e., VI. A.3.] it has to be in the aircraft in flight. It cannot be in a FS, FTD, or an PCATC. The ". . . flight training by reference to instruments . . ." must have been in the aircraft in flight.

II. For a Single Engine Airplane Rating: 61.103(f), 61.107(b), and 61.109.
Total Time: 40 hours which consists of at least-
A. Dual: 20 hours of flight training with an instructor on the Private Pilot areas of operation that includes:
1. 3 hours of cross-country flight training in a single engine airplane;
2. 3 hours of night flight training in a single engine airplane, that includes at least-
a. 1 cross-country flight of over 100 nm. total distance; and
b. 10 takeoffs and 10 landings with each involving a flight in the traffic pattern.
3. 3 hours of flight training by reference to instruments in a single engine airplane; and (See Note 1)
4. 3 hours of flight training in a single engine airplane within the preceding 60 days prior to the practical test.
B. Solo: 10 hours of solo flying in a single engine airplane on the Private Pilot areas of operation, that includes:
1. 5 hours of solo cross-country flying;
2. 1 solo cross-country flight of at least 150 nm. total distance with 3 points and one segment of at least 50 nm. between takeoff and landings; and
3. 3 takeoffs and landings at a controlled airport.

III. For a Multiengine Airplane Rating:
Total Time: 40 hours which consists of at least-
A. Dual: 20 hours of flight training with an instructor on the Private Pilot areas of operation that includes:
1. 3 hours of cross-country flight training in a multiengine airplane;
2. 3 hours of night flight training in a multiengine airplane, that includes at least-
a. 1 cross-country flight of over 100 nm. total distance; and
b. 10 takeoffs and 10 landings with each involving a flight in the traffic pattern.
3. 3 hours of flight training by reference to instruments in a multiengine airplane; and (See Note 1)
4. 3 hours of flight training in a multiengine airplane within the preceding 60 days prior to the practical test.
B. Solo: 10 hours of solo flying in an airplane on the Private Pilot areas of operation, that includes:
1. 5 hours of solo cross-country flying;
2. 1 solo cross-country flight of at least 150 nm. total distance with 3 points and one segment of at least 50 nm. between takeoff and landing; and
3. 3 takeoffs and landings at a controlled airport.

Commercial Pilot Certification

X. For a Single Engine Airplane Rating: 61.123(e), 61.127, 61.129.
Total Time: 250 hours of flight time as a pilot that consists of at least:
A. 100 hours in powered aircraft, of which 50 hours must be in airplanes.
B. 100 hours of pilot-in-command flight time, that includes at least--
1. 50 hours in airplanes; and
2. 50 hours in cross-country flying of which at least 10 hours must be in airplanes.
C. Dual: 20 hours of flight training on the Commercial Pilot areas of operation that includes at least--
1. 10 hours of instrument training of which at least 5 hours must be in a single engine airplane; (See Note 4)
2. 10 hours of training in a complex airplane or a turbine powered airplane;
3. 1 cross-country of 2 hours in a single engine airplane in day VFR conditions of a total straight line distance of more than 100 nm. from the departure point;
4. 1 cross-country of 2 hours in a single engine airplane in night VFR conditions of a total straight line distance of more than 100 nm. from the departure point;
5. 3 hours of flight training in a single engine airplane within the preceding 60 days prior to the practical test.
D. Solo: 10 hours of solo flight in a single engine airplane on the Commercial Pilot areas of operation, that
includes— (see Note 2)
1. One cross-country flight of not less than 300 nm. with landings with a min of 3 points, one of which is a straight line distance of more than 250 nm.; and
2. 5 hours in night VFR conditions with 10 takeoffs and 10 landings at a controlled airport (SOLO or 61.129(a)4   Supervised solo 

XI. For a Multiengine Airplane Rating:
Total Time: 250 hours of flight time as a pilot that consists of at least:
A. 100 hours in powered aircraft, of which 50 hours must be in airplanes.
B. 100 hours of pilot-in-command flight time, that includes at least--
1. 50 hours in airplanes; and
2. 50 hours in cross-country flying of which at least 10 hours must be in airplanes.
C. Dual: 20 hours of flight training on the Commercial Pilot areas of operation that includes at least--
1. 10 hours of instrument training of which at least 5 hours must be in a multiengine airplane; (See Note 4)
2. 10 hours of training in a complex multiengine airplane or turbine powered multiengine airplane;
3. 1 cross-country of 2 hours in a multiengine airplane in day VFR conditions of a total straight line distance of more than 100 nm. from the departure point;
4. 1 cross-country of 2 hours in a multiengine airplane in night VFR conditions of a total straight line distance of more than 100 nm. from the departure point;
5. 3 hours of flight training in a multiengine airplane within the preceding 60 days prior to the practical test.
D. Solo or Performing PIC: 10 hours of solo flying or performing the duties as PIC with an instructor in a multiengine airplane on the Commercial Pilot areas of operation, that includes at least--(see Notes 3 and 7)
1. One cross-country flight of not less than 300 nm. with landings with a min of 3 points, one of which is a straight line distance of more than 250 nm.; and
2. 5 hours in night VFR conditions with 10 takeoffs and 10 landings at a controlled airport.


NOTE 2: Except for Commercial Pilot applicants who complete a Part 141 approved Commercial Pilot Certification course of training, the “10 hours of solo flying . . . on the Commercial Pilot areas of operation” for the single engine airplane, multiengine airplane, helicopter, gyroplane, and powered lift ratings would need to reflect at least 20 hours of solo time in the “Solo” box of the aircraft category on the “Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application” (FAA Form 8710-1) to account for the Private Pilot solo aeronautical experience.

NOTE: If an applicant is enrolled in a commercial pilot certification course for the airplane single engine, airplane multiengine, helicopter, gyroplane, or powered-lift ratings and that applicant already holds an instrument rating that is appropriate to the category and class rating sought then that applicant need not accomplish the additional “. . . 5 hours of instrument training . . .” as stated in Part 141, Appendix D, paragraphs 4.(b)(1)(i), 4.(b)(2)(i), 4.(b)(3)(i), 4.(b)(4)(i), and 4.(b)(5)(i). However, the required commercial pilot training time requirements [i.e., ". . . on the areas of operation listed in paragraph (d) . . . ."] of 55 hours in paragraphs 4.(b)(1), 4.(b)(2), 4.(b)(3), 4.(b)(4), and 4.(b)(5) cannot be reduced to 50 hours. And the course will have to be specifically approved for enrolling applicants who already hold an instrument rating that is appropriate to aircraft category and class rating sought.

NOTE 3: Per § 61.129(b)(4), it permits a Commercial Pilot applicant for the multiengine airplane rating to be either solo flight time or performing the duties of PIC with an instructor onboard. In the case of a Commercial Pilot applicant for the multiengine airplane rating who performed “. . . . 10 hours of flight time performing the duties of pilot in command in a multiengine airplane with an authorized instructor . . ." [i.e., § 61.129(b)(4)], the aeronautical experience shown in the “Solo” box for the "Airplane" category on the “Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application” (FAA Form 8710-1) may only reflect 10 hours of solo flight time, and the “Pilot in Command” box would be required to show at least 100 hours [i.e., § 61.129(b)(2)].

NOTE 4: Applicants for a commercial pilot certificate with the airplane single engine, airplane multiengine, helicopter, gyroplane, or powered-lift ratings and who already holds an instrument rating that is appropriate to the category and class rating sought are not required to accomplish an additional “. . . 10 hours of instrument training . . .” as stated in § 61.129(a)(3)(i); § 61.129(b)(3)(i); § 61.129(c)(3)(i); § 61.129(d)(3)(i); and § 61.129(e)(3)(i). However, the required commercial pilot training hour requirements [i.e., ". . . on the areas of operation listed in § 61.127 . . ."] of 20 hours in § 61.129(a)(3), (b)(3), (c)(3), (d)(3), and (e)(3) cannot be reduced to 10 hours.

NOTE 5: If an applicant already holds a commercial pilot certificate and an instrument rating, and is seeking an additional aircraft class rating within the same category of aircraft rating held by the applicant then that applicant [per § 61.63(c)(4)] “. . . Need not meet the specified training time requirements prescribed by this part that apply to the pilot certificate for the aircraft class rating sought unless the person holds a lighter-than-air category rating with a balloon class rating and is seeking an airship class rating; and . . .”]. Otherwise, that applicant need not accomplish an additional “. . . 10 hours of instrument training . . .”. However, the instructor will be expected to provide the applicant with enough instrument training in order for the applicant to demonstrate satisfactory proficiency and competency on Area of Operation VII Navigation.

NOTE 6: If an applicant is undergoing a combined Part 141 Commercial Pilot Certification and Instrument Rating approved course then that applicant need not accomplish an additional “. . . 10 hours of instrument training . . .”. Because in this situation, the applicant is getting instrument training and there would be no way, or need, to differentiate the instrument training required in the Instrument Rating course with the instrument training required in the Commercial Pilot Certification course.

NOTE 7: The 10 hours performing the duties as PIC with an instructor on board should be listed in the “Pilot in Command” column of the “Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application” (FAA Form 8710-1).


Instrument Rating

XVIII. For all instrument ratings: 61.65.
Total Time: Must have logged the following:
A. At least 50 hours of cross-country flying as a PIC, of which at least 10 hours must be in airplanes for an Instrument Airplane rating; and
B. Total of 40 hours of actual or simulated instrument time on the Instrument areas of operation, that includes at least--
1. Dual: 15 hours of instrument training with an instructor in the aircraft category, that includes at
least: (See Note 9)
a. 3 hours of the instrument training were within the preceding 60 days prior to the practical test; and
b. 1 IFR cross-country flight of more than 250 nm. (more than 100 nm. for helicopters) in the instrument-aircraft rating sought.

or, if for an

C. Additional instrument rating, 15 hours of instrument training with an instructor for the rating sought, that includes at least:
1. 1 IFR cross-country flight of more than 250 nm. (more than 100 nm. for helicopters) in the instrument-aircraft rating sought; and
2. 3 hours of the instrument training were within the preceding 60 days prior to the practical test.

NOTE 9: Per § 61.65(a)(1), must “Hold at least a current private pilot certificate with an airplane, helicopter, or powered-lift rating appropriate to the instrument rating sought;”


Airline Transport Pilot [ATP Job Aid: 4 paths]

CFR 61.153(e) For an airline transport pilot certificate with an airplane category multiengine class rating or an airline transport pilot certificate obtained concurrently with an airplane type rating, an applicant must complete certification training program as specified in § 61.156 from an authorized provider.This is required before applying for the knowledge test required by paragraph (g) of this section.

ATP=CTP+Knowledge Test: 21 yrs old "Restricted" 61.160; (PIC restrictions per 61.167(b) 23 yrs old "Unrestricted" 61.159

For an Airplane Ratings:
Total Time - 1,500 hours that includes at least--
A. 500 hours of cross-country flying;
B. 100 hours of night time;
C. 75 hours of instrument time; and
D. 250 hours in an airplane as a PIC, or as SIC performing the duties of PIC, or any combination thereof, that includes at least — (See Note 10)
1. 100 hours of cross-country flying; and
2. 25 hours of night time.

Military: 750 TT/Bachelors Degree: 1000 TT/Associates: 1,250 TT (All civilian training Part 141 from an approved college;

Flight Instructor: For all ratings: Have logged at least--
A. Dual: No specific min or max amount of time required, just so the applicant has received the appropriate training of § 61.187.
B. PIC: 15 hours as PIC in the category and class of aircraft for the flight instructor rating sought.

For additional flight instructor ratings: Have logged at least—
A. Dual: No specific min or max amount of time required, just so the applicant has received the appropriate training of § 61.187.
B.PIC: 15 hours as PIC in the category and class of aircraft for the flight instructor rating sought.

Additional Category Rating per § 61.63(b). [for other than ATP]

NOTE 10: Pen and ink modifications can be made to the “Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application” FAA Form 87101 to show the SIC time performing the duties of PIC used in conjunction with the PIC time to meet the PIC aeronautical experience requirements. As for example, a simple pen entry of a slash or a dash (e.g., PIC / SIC. in the “Pilot in Command” box of Section III of FAA Form 87101 can be used to show PIC time vs. SIC time.

NOTE 11: Applicants for an additional aircraft rating at the commercial pilot certification level who already holds an instrument rating that is appropriate to the category and class rating sought are not required to accomplish an additional “. . . 10 hours of instrument training . . .” as stated in § 61.129(a)(3)(i); § 61.129(b)(3)(i); § 61.129(c)(3)(i); § 61.129(d)(3)(i); and § 61.129(e)(3)(i). However, the required commercial pilot training hour requirements [i.e., ". . . on the areas of operation listed in § 61.127 . . ."] of 20 hours in § 61.129(a)(3), (b)(3), (c)(3), (d)(3), and (e)(3) cannot be reduced to 10 hours.

 

Part 141 Minimum Flight Training & Solo Requirements & Maximum Usage of Flight Simulators & Flight Training Devices

Appendix A – Recreational Pilot

XLVII. Airplane single-engine course.

Total: 30 hours that consists at least:

A. Dual: 15 hours in a single engine airplane on the Recreational Pilot areas of operations that includes at least-

1. 2 hours to and at an airport more than 25 nm. from the airport where the applicant normally trains; and

2. 3 hours of dual flight training in preparation for the practical test within the preceding two calendar mofonths prior to the practical test.

B. Solo: 3 hours in a single engine airplane on the Recreational Pilot areas of operations.

XLVIII. Rotorcraft helicopter course.

Total: 30 hours that consists of at least:

A. Dual: 15 hours in a helicopter on the Recreational Pilot areas of operations that includes at least-

1. 2 hours to and at an airport more than 25 nm. from the airport where the applicant normally trains; and

2. 3 hours of dual flight training in preparation for the practical test within the preceding two calendar months prior to the practical test

B. Solo: 3 hours in a helicopter on the Recreational Pilot areas of operations


Appendix B – Private Pilot Certification Course

NOTE 16: Where the rules require “. . . 3 hours of instrument training in a single engine airplane” or “. . . in a multiengine airplane” or “. . . in a powered-lift” it has to be in the aircraft in flight. IT CANNOT BE IN A FLIGHT SIMULATOR, FLIGHT TRAINING DEVICE, OR AN PCATC. IT HAS TO BE IN THE AIRCRAFT IN FLIGHT!

L. Airplane single-engine course.

Total: 35 hours that consists of at least:

A. Dual: 20 hours in a single engine airplane on the Private Pilot areas of operations that includes at least-

1. 3 hours of cross-country training;

2. 3 hours night flight training;

a. 1 cross-country flight of over 100 nm. total distance; and

b. 10 takeoffs and 10 landings with each involving a flight in the traffic pattern.

3. 3 hours of instrument training; and (See Note 16)

4. 3 hours of flight training in preparation for the practical test within the preceding two calendar months prior to the practical test.

B. Solo: 5 hours in a single engine airplane on the Private Pilot areas of operations that includes at least-

1. 1 solo cross-country flight of at least 150 nm. total distance with 3 points and one segment of at least 50 nm. between takeoff and landing; and

2. 3 takeoffs and landings at an airport with an operating control tower.

Max. usage of flight simulators = 4 hours

Max. usage of flight training devices = 3 hours

Max. combined usage of flight simulators and flight training devices = 4 hours

NOTE 17: Notice, the “35 hours of instrument training” for the initial instrument rating course does not establish a certain amount of instrument training required from an authorized instructor. This is because Part 141, Appendix C does not dictate the breakdown of dual time and solo time for the initial instrument rating course. However, in accordance with § 61.51(g)(4), an authorized instructor must be present to log instrument time in a flight simulator or an approved flight training device.

NOTE 18: Notice, the “15 hours of instrument training” for the additional instrument rating course does not establish a certain amount of instrument training required from an authorized instructor. This is because Part 141, Appendix C does not dictate the breakdown of dual time and solo time for the additional instrument rating course. However, in accordance with § 61.51(g)(4), an authorized instructor must be present to log instrument time in a flight simulator or an approved flight training device.


Appendix C – Instrument Rating Course

LVIII. Total for initial instrument rating course = 35 hours of instrument training, that includes training with an authorized instructor on the following areas of operation: (See Note 17)

(1. Preflight preparation;

(2. Preflight procedures;

(3. Air traffic control clearances and procedures;

(4. Flight by reference to instruments;

(5. Navigation systems;

(6. Instrument approach procedures;

(7. Emergency operations; and

(8. Postflight procedures.

that includes:

A. Instrument — airplane.

Dual: 1 dual cross-country of at least 250 nm. in the applicable airplane category and class

B. Instrument — helicopter.

Dual: 1 dual cross-country of at least 100 nm. in a helicopter

C. Instrument — powered-lift.

Dual: 1 dual cross-country of at least 250 nm. in a powered-lift

LVIX. Total for an additional instrument rating course = 15 hours of instrument training, that includes training with an authorized instructor on the following areas of operation: (See Note 18)

(1. Preflight preparation;

(2. Preflight procedures;

(3. Air traffic control clearances and procedures;

(4. Flight by reference to instruments;

(5. Navigation systems;

(6. Instrument approach procedures;

(7. Emergency operations; and

(8. Postflight procedures.

that includes:

A. Instrument — airplane.

Dual: 1 dual cross-country of at least 250 nm. in the applicable airplane category and class

B. Instrument — helicopter.

Dual: 1 dual cross-country of at least 100 nm. in a helicopter

C. Instrument — powered-lift.

Dual: 1 dual cross-country of at least 250 nm. in a powered-lift

Initial / Additional

Maximum usage of flight simulators = 17.5 hours / 7.5 hours

Maximum usage of flight training devices = 14 hours / 6 hours

Max. combined usage of FS & FTD = 17.5 hours / 7.5 hours

 

Appendix D – Commercial Pilot Certification Course

LX. Airplane single-engine course.

Total: 120 hours that consists of at least:

A. Dual: 55 hours on the Commercial Pilot Areas of Operation that includes at least-- (See Notes 19 and 20)

1. 5 hours of instrument training in a single engine airplane;

2. 10 hours in a complex single engine airplane;

3. 1 cross-country of 2 hours duration in day-VFR conditions in a single engine airplane;

4. 1 cross-country of 2 hours duration in night-VFR conditions in a single engine airplane; and

5. 3 hours of flight training in a single engine airplane in preparation for the practical test within the preceding two calendar months prior to the practical test.

B. Solo: 10 hours in a single engine airplane on the Commercial Pilot Areas of Operation that includes at least-

1. 1 cross-country; and

2. 5 hours in night VFR conditions that includes 10 takeoffs & landings at a controlled airport.

Max. usage of flight simulators = 16.5 hours

Max. usage of flight training devices = 11 hours

Max. combined usage of flight simulators and flight training devices = 16.5 hours

LXI. Airplane multiengine course.

Total: 120 hours that consists of at least:

A. Dual: 55 hours on the Commercial Pilot Areas of Operation that includes at least-- (See Notes 19 and 20)

1.5 hours of instrument training in a multiengine airplane;

2. 10 hours in a complex multiengine airplane;

3. 1 cross-country of 2 hours duration in day-VFR conditions in a multiengine airplane;

4. 1 cross-country of 2 hours duration in night-VFR conditions in a multiengine airplane;

5. 3 hours of flight training in a multiengine airplane in preparation for the practical test within the preceding two calendar months prior to the practical test.

B. Solo or acting as PIC with an instructor on board: 10 hours in a multiengine airplane on the CP Areas of Operation that includes at least-

1. 1 cross-country; and

2. 5 hours in night VFR conditions that includes 10 takeoffs & landings at a controlled airport.

Max. usage of flight simulators = 16.5 hours

Max. usage of flight training devices = 11 hours

Max. combined usage of flight simulators and flight training devices = 16.5 hours


NOTE 20: If an applicant is undergoing a combined Part 141 Commercial Pilot Certification and Instrument Rating approved course then that applicant need not accomplish an additional “. . . 5 hours of instrument training . . .”. [i.e., Part 141, Appendix D, paragraphs 4.(b)(1)(i), 4.(b)(2)(i), 4.(b)(3)(i), 4.(b)(4)(i), and 4.(b)(5)(i)]. Because in this situation, the applicant is getting instrument training and there would be no way, or need, to differentiate the instrument training required in the Instrument Rating course with the instrument training required in the Commercial Pilot Certification course.


For more complete guidance on flight tests visit FAA Flight Test Home